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米NYタイムズは「辺野古移設」見直しを主張、米主要紙は玉城氏の当選に注目。

Ryukyuheiwaより:




times2018 10035
10月3日の沖縄タイムス紙面

sinpou2018 10035
10月3日の琉球新報紙面

10月3日 琉球新報
辺野古再考促す 米NYタイムズ、玉城氏知事当選で社説

米紙ニューヨーク・タイムズ(電子版)は1日、米軍普天間飛行場移設に伴う沖縄県名護市辺野古の新基地建設計画に反対する玉城デニー氏の県知事選当選を受け「沖縄の米軍駐留を減らすために」と題した社説を掲載し「日米両政府は妥協案を見いだすべきだ」と新基地計画の再考を促した。

同紙は、日本政府がこれまで沖縄に対し、「アメとムチ」で新基地建設を受け入れさせようとしてきたが「沖縄の人々は何度も何度も、新しい基地は要らないと答えてきた。彼らは既に過重な米軍を受け入れていると考えている」と指摘した。

その意思は玉城氏が知事に選ばれたことで非常に明確に示されたとし「安倍晋三首相に迫られた決断は、最高裁で玉城氏が司法の場に訴える『反対』を全て退けるか、(もっと前にやるべきだったが)沖縄の正当な不満を受け入れ、負担を軽減する、あまり面倒でない方法を探すことだ」と提起した。

また、米軍は「沖縄の兵たん、航空、地上部隊を日本の他の場所に分散させると、東シナ海での迅速な対応能力を低下させる」と主張するが、日本と地域の安全保障のために、不公平、不必要で、時に危険な負担を県民に強いてはいけないと説明した。その上で安倍首相と米軍司令官は、公平な解決策を見いだすべきだと主張した。


以下に記事原文を掲載しています

New York Times 社説 OCT 1,2018
Toward a Smaller American Footprint on Okinawa

Washington Post OCT 1,2018
Denny Tamaki, critic of US bases on Okinawa, wins election
New York Times OCT 1,2018
U.S. Marine’s Son Wins Okinawa Election on Promise to Oppose Military Base
New York Times SEPT 27,2018
A Marine’s Son Takes On U.S. Military Bases in Okinawa


New York Times 2018 1001
Opinion(社説) Toward a Smaller American Footprint on Okinawa

The Japanese island’s new governor wants American forces to leave. It’s time for Washington and Tokyo to find a compromise.

By The Editorial Board
The editorial board represents the opinions of the board, its editor and the publisher. It is separate from the newsroom and the Op-Ed section.
Oct. 1, 2018

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In August, the Okinawa prefectural government canceled its permission for landfill work for the construction of an American military facility.CreditCreditThe Yomiuri Shimbun, via Associated Press

For years, Japan has tried to get Okinawans to agree to a big new seaside base for American Marines to replace an old one in a crowded urban area. The national government has tried carrots, like supporting construction of a Disney resort on the island; it has tried sticks, going to court to overrule local resistance to the base; it has thrown its weight behind candidates who favor the new base. But again and again, Okinawans have responded that they don’t want the new base. They believe they’re already carrying far more than their share of the American military.

The message sounded with special clarity when Denny Tamaki was elected governor on Sunday. Like most other elections on the island, this one was at least partly a referendum on the American bases. Mr. Tamaki represented an anti-base coalition; his pro-base opponent was heavily supported by Japan’s governing Liberal Democratic Party. What made the choice especially noteworthy is that Mr. Tamaki, 58, is the son of a Japanese mother and an American Marine father, who left the island before he was born.

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Denny Tamaki, center right, with supporters in Okinawa last week.CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

The decision before Prime Minister Shinzo Abe now is either to barrel on — getting Japan’s Supreme Court to overrule any legal objections Mr. Tamaki throws in the way of the new base — or to do what should have been done a long time ago: accept that Okinawa does have a legitimate gripe, and search for less onerous ways of sharing the burden of the American security umbrella.

Most Japanese support their alliance with the United States, especially now that China is flexing its muscles in the region. The problem is the hugely disproportionate burden placed on Okinawa, the poorest of Japan’s prefectures. Okinawa was the site of an enormously bloody battle in the closing months of World War II; today it still hosts 33 American installations and half the 50,000 American troops in the country. The concentration of military gear and troops has created noise, pollution, deadly accidents and a history of assaults — most notably the rape of a 12-year-old girl by three servicemen in 1995.

It was after that episode that the United States and Japan agreed to relocate the big Marine air base clogging the center of the city of Ginowan to a less crowded area and to shift some troops to Guam and Hawaii. But nothing has moved. Local resistance has blocked construction of the new base, partly because of the environmental damage that would come from building a runway in the relatively unspoiled Henoko Bay.

The United States military argues that scattering Okinawa’s logistical, air and ground forces to other sites in Japan will degrade their ability to respond quickly in the East China Sea. But the security this brings to Japan and the region cannot come at the expense of an unfair, unwanted and often dangerous burden on Japan’s poorest citizens. Prime Minister Abe and American military commanders should join them with an equal willingness to find equitable solutions.

Follow The New York Times Opinion section on Facebook and Twitter (@NYTOpinion).




Washington Post 2018 1001
Denny Tamaki, critic of US bases on Okinawa, wins election

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Japan’s legislator Denny Tamaki smiles in Okinawa city, Sunday, Sept. 30, 2018, the day for the election for Okinawa governor. Tamaki, who campaigned criticizing the American military presence on the southwestern Japanese islands of Okinawa, won the election for governor Sunday, defeating a ruling party-backed candidate pushing the status quo. (Takuto Kaneko/Kyodo News via AP) (Associated Press)

By Yuri Kageyama | AP
October 1

TOKYO — Denny Tamaki, who campaigned criticizing the American military presence on Okinawa, won the election for governor Sunday, becoming the first Amerasian to lead the southwestern Japanese islands.

The race was to choose a successor to Takeshi Onaga, who died in August of pancreatic cancer. He wanted the bases off Okinawa.

Tamaki, a legislator who had pledged to continue with Onaga’s “spirit,” thanked his supporters as his campaign office broke into a cheer and later began dancing Okinawa-style, after his victory.

“The strong feelings of Takeshi Onaga, risking his life to stop the construction of any more bases, helped bring this victory,” Tamaki told reporters.

He defeated Atsushi Sakima, a mayor who had argued that Okinawa should work with the national government to sort out the problem, by a comfortable 80,000 vote difference, with voter turnout relatively high at 63 percent. Tamaki garnered more than 396,000 votes to Sakima’s 316,000, according to the final tally.

Tamaki’s victory throws into further question Japan’s plans for a new air base still under construction in coastal Okinawa.

Okinawa houses about half of the 54,000 American troops stationed in Japan and makes for 64 percent of the land space used by the U.S. bases, under a bilateral security treaty, according to John S. Hutcheson, spokesman for the U.S. Forces in Japan.

The arrangement has long been protested by some as an unfair burden on Okinawa, which makes up less than 1 percent of Japan’s land space.

Japan remains highly dependent on the U.S. for defense, but crimes by members of the military, including hit-and-runs as well as rapes, have outraged the people of Okinawa. They are also angry about noise pollution and the dangers of crashes from military aircraft.

Tamaki, whose father is a U.S. Marine he has never met, has often said he is a symbol of the predicament of his people. His mother is Japanese.

“I can clearly state we no longer want in Okinawa the U.S. bases that destroy our peace and destroy our nature,” Tamaki, 58, said during his campaign.

He has promised policies that care about “the weak,” helping workers, students and those who face discrimination.

Before running for governor, Sakima, 54, was mayor of Ginowan, where the Marines air base called Futenma is located.

Futenma is at the center of the controversy over the government relocation plan for U.S. troops to less densely populated Henoko in Nago, Okinawa.

The planning dates to the 1995 rape of a schoolgirl in which three U.S. servicemen were convicted. But the planning and construction of Henoko has repeatedly been delayed because of local opposition to the bases.

Some are also pointing to the threat that base construction, which includes a landfill, may bring to the environment, including to a coral reef and dugong and other marine life.

Outside of Okinawa, the national government and public opinion appear to support strengthening Japan’s security measures as it faces nuclear threats from North Korea and the growing military might of China. President Donald Trump’s administration also has been pushing Japan to do more to defend itself.

Tamaki, facing his supporters, who at times broke into joyous chants of “Denny! Denny! Denny!” said his win showed that the people don’t want the new base in Henoko.

“Henoko will not be allowed,” said Tamaki.

“We are all family on earth,” he said of dealing with the U.S. “How we can co-exist in understanding and peace should be our starting point.”

Follow Yuri Kageyama on Twitter at https://twitter.com/yurikageyama

On Instagram at https://www.instagram.com/yurikageyama/?hl=en

Copyright 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.




New York Times 2018 1001
U.S. Marine’s Son Wins Okinawa Election on Promise to Oppose Military Base

100.jpg

Denny Tamaki, center, on Sunday celebrating his victory in the Okinawa governor’s race.CreditCreditHitoshi Maeshiro/EPA, via Shutterstock

By Motoko Rich
Sept. 30, 2018

TOKYO — Denny Tamaki, the son of a Japanese mother and a United States Marine, became the first mixed-race governor in Japan on Sunday after winning a close election in Okinawa, a southern archipelago heavily populated by American military installations.

His victory poses a setback to plans by the Japanese government and the United States to transfer a busy Marine air base on Okinawa from the city of Ginowan to a less populated coastal area on the island.

Mr. Tamaki wants the base moved out of Okinawa altogether. His opponent, Atsushi Sakima, who was backed by Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party, was until recently the mayor of Ginowan and supported the base’s transfer.

Mr. Tamaki, 58, succeeds Takeshi Onaga, an outspoken critic of the American bases, who died in August from complications of pancreatic cancer.

Speaking after NHK, the public broadcaster, confirmed his victory, Mr. Tamaki told supporters at his campaign headquarters that he would carry on the legacy of his predecessor in opposing the Japanese government’s effort to build the new base.

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An Osprey aircraft on the runway at Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, a United States air base in Ginowan City, Okinawa. The new governor wants the base moved off the island.CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

“We have to know that even small ants can move an elephant’s foot,” Mr. Tamaki said.

Mr. Tamaki, who nine years ago became the first Amerasian to be elected to Japan’s House of Representatives, said he would not grant approval for landfill to be used in the construction of a new runway in Henoko, a fishing village on the northern coast of the main island of Okinawa, to facilitate a new air base.

According to an agreement signed between the American and Japanese governments, the new base would replace the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma that sprawls across about 1,100 acres in the center of the city of Ginowan on the southern half of the island, which is about 650 miles south of the Japanese mainland.

Okinawans have long protested the presence of the United States military, complaining of noise, violence and aircraft accidents. There are 33 American installations on Okinawa, and about 25,000 troops — half of all the American troops in Japan — are based there.

Mr. Tamaki faces considerable challenges, however, in getting the base off the island. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe could push Japan’s Supreme Court to overturn any legal objections Mr. Tamaki raises to the new base.

The new governor will also have to wrestle with Okinawa’s high poverty rate and its heavy dependence on subsidies from the central government in exchange for hosting the bases.

“The prefecture has not spent enough on education and development, and that has resulted in poverty,” said Manabu Sato, a professor of political science at Okinawa International University. “Any opposition to U.S. military presence could be suppressed with the threat of withdrawing the money.”

102.jpg

Denny Tamaki, right, meeting with supporters in Okinawa last week.CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

At the same time, coming less than a month after Naomi Osaka, the daughter of a Japanese mother and Haitian-American father, won the United States Open women’s tennis championship, Mr. Tamaki’s victory suggested that Japan might be opening, just a little bit, to more racial diversity.

“It all helps broaden the discussion of what it means to be Japanese,” said Alexis Dudden, a professor at the University of Connecticut who specializes in the modern history of Japan. “And it broadens the reality of being Japanese, at a time when some voices would have a very old-fashioned notion of Japanese ethnicity.”

Lima Linda Tokumori, 31, a nonprofit employee who voted for Mr. Tamaki, said she supported him in part because of his mixed roots, which she said reflected the background of many Okinawans.

The election result surprised some analysts who had expected the Tokyo-backed Mr. Sakima to pull ahead after several influential politicians from Mr. Abe’s ruling party visited Okinawa to campaign for the candidate.

Analysts said the Okinawa result was an embarrassing political defeat for Mr. Abe.

The Liberal Democrats “really were doing all they could, leveraging their national clout and budget and promises,” said Koichi Nakano, a political scientist at Sophia University in Tokyo. “The fact that they couldn’t win in spite of that is quite a disaster.”

In its final count, the Okinawa prefectural election commission said Mr. Tamaki had won 396,632 votes, beating Mr. Sakima’s 316,458.

Kantaro Suzuki contributed reporting from Okinawa, Japan, and Makiko Inoue from Tokyo.



New York Times 2018 0927
A Marine’s Son Takes On U.S. Military Bases in Okinawa

090.jpg

Denny Tamaki, center, a candidate for governor of Okinawa, wants an American military base moved from the island.CreditCreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

By Motoko Rich
Sept. 25, 2018

OKINAWA — Concluding a stump speech before more than 500 supporters in a large auditorium, Denny Tamaki, a candidate for governor on this southern Japanese island blanketed by American military installations, invoked his parentage to explain why he thinks he is uniquely qualified for the job.

“My father is American and my mother is Okinawan,” said Mr. Tamaki, 58, who never actually met his father, a Marine who returned to the United States before he was born.

On this island chain about 650 miles from the Japanese mainland, the presence of American military bases, dating to the end of World War II, has been a recurring source of tension. Okinawans have complained about crime, noise and other problems associated with the bases, and have questioned why half of the 50,000 American troops in Japan are stationed on Okinawa.

Mr. Tamaki is running in an election on Sunday to succeed Takeshi Onaga, an outspoken critic of the American bases who died last month of pancreatic cancer.

Mr. Tamaki says that his American heritage could help him negotiate with the United States government over a planned relocation of a busy Marine air base from a central Okinawan city to a less-populated coastal area. Mr. Tamaki wants the base moved off Okinawa altogether.

091.jpg

Atsushi Sakima, center, is running neck and neck in the polls with Mr. Tamaki. He is backed by the governing party of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

“It’s not possible that the democracy of the country of my father will reject me,” Mr. Tamaki said at the campaign rally on Monday night, to laughter from the audience. “Only Denny can say that.”

Mr. Tamaki — who describes himself in a campaign video as a “symbol of postwar Okinawa” — is running neck and neck in the polls with his chief opponent, Atsushi Sakima, until recently the mayor of Ginowan, where the Marine air base is. Mr. Sakima is backed by the governing party of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who won a party leadership election last week and supports the plan to relocate the base.

Just two weeks after Naomi Osaka, the daughter of a Haitian-American father and Japanese mother, won the United States Open, Mr. Tamaki is defying the discrimination he experienced as a mixed-race child in Okinawa, where such children are not uncommon given intermarriages between American soldiers and Japanese women.

Mr. Tamaki, the first Amerasian to be elected to Japan’s House of Representatives, has been taunted on social media for his background. “Denny Tamaki, you can’t be a true Japanese no matter how hard you try but you are an incomplete ‘half,’” one commentator wrote on Twitter.

“Denny says, ‘I am half American so I can talk to the U.S.’ Hahaha, the world is not that optimistic,” someone else wrote on Twitter. “You can’t even speak English!”

092.jpg

Mr. Tamaki’s supporters at a campaign event in Ginowan. He calls himself a “symbol of postwar Okinawa.”CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

Supporters of Mr. Tamaki said they view his blended heritage as an asset. “Being a mixed-race governor is unprecedented,” said Yuichi Kiwaki, a beverage salesman who attended the campaign rally on Monday with his family. “So I think there are some things only he can do.”

Mr. Tamaki faces a considerable challenge from his opponent, who is receiving heavy support from Tokyo.

Mr. Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party has sent heavy hitters, including Shinjiro Koizumi, the son of former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, and Yuriko Koike, the governor of Tokyo, to campaign for Mr. Sakima. The Komeito party, the Liberal Democrats’ coalition partner in Parliament, has also endorsed Mr. Sakima.

The election comes at a time when Mr. Abe is ever watchful for signals that President Trump might pull back from the longstanding American security alliance with Japan.

As Japan monitors territorial disputes with China in the East China Sea and China has claimed sovereignty over nearly all of the South China Sea, the Japanese government considers the American bases on Okinawa crucial to the country’s security.

093.jpg

Supporters of Mr. Sakima preparing for a campaign event. He has touted his work to reduce school lunch fees and medical costs as mayor of Ginowan.CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

“For the Abe administration, the picture is that the election in Okinawa is the one that they have to win,” said Seiji Endo, professor of international politics at Seikei University in Tokyo. “They want to make sure that the operation of the U.S.-Japan security pact will be kept stable.”

The governor’s race is complicated by Okinawans’ evolving — and often ambivalent — views.

Many residents recognize that the bases have lifted the local economy, contributing slightly more than 5 percent of the region’s revenue. Okinawa is Japan’s poorest prefecture.

But residents have also been angered by accidents involving American aircraft and violent crimes committed by American soldiers, including the rape and murder of an Okinawan woman by a military contractor and Marine veteran in 2016.

A generational divide is emerging between older residents who nurse the wounds of history and younger voters who are looking for practical improvements more closely related to their daily lives.

To people like Naomi Machida, 62, the owner of a cafe near the Marine air base who was among Mr. Tamaki’s supporters at the campaign event on Monday, rejecting the relocation of the American base is the primary driver of her vote.

094.jpg

Manabu Sato, a political science professor, says that for younger voters, “the presence of the U.S. military is nothing to question.”CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

“I want to reject anything related to war in Okinawa,” said Ms. Machida, who recalled her mother’s experiences during the Battle of Okinawa in World War II, which cost tens of thousands of lives. “I can’t express with words the importance of this election. It is a life or death issue.”

To many younger people, the bases are less central to their political calculations.

“Military bases have been here since they were born,” said Manabu Sato, professor of political science at Okinawa International University, which overlooks the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, slated for relocation. “The U.S. military personnel and their families are on the street and come to the shopping malls and supermarkets and fast food restaurants where my students work part-time, so the presence of the U.S. military is nothing to question for them.”

On the campus, Shin Tanahara, 22, a law major, said most of his classmates were more worried about job hunting than the fate of the base.

“People tend to focus only on the bases, but we have to think of other issues as well,” Mr. Tanahara said. Among his concerns, he said, was poverty and helping to increase tourism in the region. He plans to vote for Mr. Sakima.

Up in Henoko Bay, a fishing village where the Japanese and American governments agreed to move the Futenma air base a dozen years ago, a chain-link fence topped by barbed wire blocked off a long stretch of beach designated for a new runway.

095.jpg

The relocation site in Henoko.CreditLauren DeCicca for The New York Times

Just before he died, Governor Onaga announced that he would rescind his predecessor’s approval to use landfill in the construction of the runway, the latest in a series of legal maneuvers he used to thwart the base’s relocation.

Miwako Aragaki, a clerk at a grocery store in town, said she voted for Mr. Onaga four years ago because of his opposition to the new base and would vote for Mr. Tamaki this time.

During the campaign, American military officials are trying to remain “as invisible as we can humanly be,” said Lt. Gen. Eric M. Smith, the commander of the Third Marine Expeditionary Force on Okinawa.

In an interview in his office overlooking an expanse of ocean about 20 miles south of Henoko, General Smith said it would be up to Okinawa to negotiate with Tokyo over the location of any new bases.

“That is really an internal question for the government of Japan,” he said.

On the campaign trail, Mr. Sakima has steadfastly avoided talking directly about the American bases, focusing instead on the economy. At a campaign event in Yonabaru on the southern end of the island on Tuesday night, Mr. Sakima touted his work to reduce school lunch fees and medical costs as mayor of Ginowan.

Ryogo Okuhira, 31, a construction worker who attended the campaign event, said he liked Mr. Sakima’s focus on the economy and was skeptical that Mr. Tamaki would lure new businesses to Okinawa if he was preoccupied with the fate of the military base.

“Reality is more important than ideals,” Mr. Okuhira said.

Makiko Inoue contributed reporting from Okinawa and Hisako Ueno contributed research from Tokyo.


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ryukyuheiwa

Author:ryukyuheiwa



「平和な島に自衛隊・米軍はいらない!」

030.jpg

奄美・与那国・宮古・石垣への自衛隊の配備に反対します。


201803241120399b5.jpg
https://youtu.be/J6TdQK4jjmo

yae2018 0613意見広告



2015年2月27日「下地島空港を軍事利用しないよう求める」県庁前集会


全国の闘う仲間にお笑いを! 「伝説の闘うエンターテイナー」
ぶつはらゆきお<宮古島映像PR>


伝説の闘うエンターテイナー」ぶつはらゆきお
http://ryukyuheiwa.blog.fc2.com/blog-entry-194.html

稲川宏二さん 与那国島からの報告2016年「宮古島・石垣島の自衛隊配備を止めよう!3・30東京集会」で


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平和を創り出す宮古ネット通信
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「バンタ ドゥナンチマ カティラリヌン!」
与那国島の明るい未来を願うイソバの会+与那国島の自衛隊誘致に反対する住民の会
http://isobanokai.ti-da.net/



I Love いしがき
http://loveishigaki.jp/




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